Der Journalist Mustafa Bali hat in einem Interview gegenüber dem Analysten der Kurdischen Frage, Mutlu Civiroglu, die aktuelle Lage in Kobane beurteilt.
Bali sagte im Interview, dass die Operationen der Volksverteidigungseinheiten (YPG) und der Peshmerga-Einheiten gegen den IS in Kobane weitergehen und betonte, dass in den nächsten Tagen Kobane einen strategischen Wandel durchleben wird. Im Folgenden folgt eine freie Übersetzung des Interviews:
Ist es richtig, dass seit der Ankunft der Peshmerga sich einiges in Kobane geändert hat? Es wurde berichtet, dass einige Dörfer befreit worden sind. Wie ist die aktuelle Lage in Kobane?
Die Gefechte zwischen den YPG und der Terrormiliz IS dauern nach wie vor an. Auf jeden Fall kann ich sagen, dass die Ankunft der Peshmerga und vor allem die schweren Waffen, die sie mitgebracht haben, der IS Angst eingejagt haben. Die YPG und die Peshmerga kämpfen jetzt Seite an Seite gegen den IS. Es gibt Gerüchte über die Befreiung der Dörfer, die vor allem der Deckung der YPG gedient haben sollen. Momentan haben YPG-Kämpfer im Süden der Stadt die Kontrolle inne. Gleichzeitig gibt es im Osten der Stadt heftige Gefechte. Der IS greift dort mit schweren Waffen, unter anderem auch mit Mörsergranaten, an. Dabei zielt er auf Krankenhäuser sowie den Grenzübergang Mürshitpinar. Im Allgemeinen kann man sagen, dass sich nicht sehr viel geändert hat, aber die YPG hat die Führung. Und deswegen bin ich sehr zuversichtlich, dass sich in den kommenden Tagen viel ändern wird.
Sie sagten, dass der IS mit Mörsergranaten angreift. Wurden diese nicht von der Koalition als auch von den YPG zerstört?
Die Unterstützung der Anti-IS Koalition dauert noch an, jedoch gibt es im Osten der Stadt noch einige Minenwerfer. Diese lassen sich leider gut verstecken. Nichtsdestotrotz hat die Koalition mit den YPG zusammen sehr viele Fahrzeuge der IS zerstören können.
Sie haben von einem strategischen Wandel gesprochen. Können Sie dies näher erläutern?
Wir verfolgen die Ereignisse und können entsprechend Aussagen zur Entwicklung machen. Was uns auffällt, ist, dass der IS seit der Ankunft der Peshmerga hauptsächlich in der Nacht angreift. Am Tag hat er fast keine Möglichkeit unsere Einheiten anzugreifen. Die schweren Waffen, die die Peshmerga mitgebracht haben, schrecken den uns technisch überlegenen IS zurück. Was die Motivation und die Taktik angeht, war und ist die YPG besser als der IS. Diese Faktoren beeinflussen die Angriffe der IS und deswegen erwarten wir einen strategischen Wandel.
Erhält der IS immer noch Unterstützung?
Ja, die Terroristen bekommen nach wie vor Unterstützung. Gemäß unseren neuen Kenntnissen sollen mit Mörsern beladene Fahrzeuge in Richtung Kobane unterwegs sein. Zudem sollen die IS- Terroristen in einem belagerten Dorf nahe der türkischen Grenze die Fahrzeuge der Dorfbewohner beschlagnahmt haben. Auch sollen sie einige Fahrzeuge zerstört haben. Des Weiteren erhält der IS aus ar-Raqqa, Dscharabulus und Tall Abyad (kurdisch Girê Sipî) Verstärkung.
Es wurde auch berichtet, dass etwa 50 Kämpfer der FSA mit den YPG zusammen kämpfen wollten und sich jedoch wieder zurückgezogen haben. Stimmt das?
Ja, es gab solche Gerüchte. Die Ankunft der Kämpfer der Freien Syrischen Armee (FSA) war ein Wunsch der Türkei. Diese dachte, dass die FSA-Kämpfer in Kobane nicht willkommen geheißen werden und die Peshmerga von ihrem Kampf abhalten könnten. Aber die YPG hat hier eine vernünftige Entscheidung getroffen und die Kämpfer der FSA aufgenommen. An welcher Front diese jedoch kämpfen, kann ich Ihnen nicht sagen. Im fortwährenden Krieg während drei Jahren haben sowohl das Syrische Regime als auch der IS sowie die Syrische Nationalkoalition dieselbe Haltung gegenüber den Kurden eingenommen. Das bestätigt wiederum, dass das Verhalten der Nationalkoalition schlechter ist als das des syrischen Regimes, denn die Nationalkoalition wird von der Türkei kontrolliert. Folglich haben die Aussagen von Rifad Esed uns nicht überrascht. Immer noch denken sie, die Kurden sind hier in Rojava nur Gäste.
Denken Sie auch, dass die Beziehungen zwischen den YPG und den USA einige Gegner stören?
Die Beziehungen der YPG mit den USA als auch die Gespräche zwischen der PYD (Partei der Demokratischen Einheit) und denUSA werden sehr sorgfältig verfolgt und kommen bei unseren Feinden nicht gut an. Der immer in der Finsternis gelassene kleine Bruder – Kurde – ist jetzt stark und findet in Europa als auch in den USA Gehör. Weder die Türkei noch die Syrische Opposition begrüßt das. Sie haben selber mitbekommen, wie Herr Erdogan die Tatsache, dass er ein Präsident ist, vergisst und bei jeder Gelegenheit die YPG und PYD angreift.
Übersetzt aus dem Kurdischen ins Deutsche von Fatos Koyuncuer
According to military, political and civilian sources in Kobane, in the day 50 of the resistance, YPG has been gaining a momentum after successfully repelling strong ISIS attacks in eastern front which aimed at seizing the border crossing. Despite excessive man power and close combat in eastern front, YPG forces did not allow ISIS to advance.
With recent offensive in eastern front, ISIS hoped to seize the border gate to Turkey to totally suffocate the city and force YPG to surrender. Senior YPG sources report ISIS resorted to more than 20 car bombs in recent days, and all of these attacks were thwarted successfully with only some light YPG injuries.
One other reason for the recent ISIS attack on east was to prevent arrival of the Iraqi Kurdish peshmergas and heavy weaponry they brought along. As of November 3, the situation in eastern front is stable and ISIS members were further driven out from the border area. Kobane sources report that the failure of recent ISIS push caused demoralization of ISIS, and killing of 3 princes in last 48 further even worsened the situation on the ground.
On Sunday night clashes continued in East and South with some YPG advance reported. In Western front Kurdish peshermergas first time actively involved in a major assault. In this front YPG, “Euphrates Volcano” and Peshmerga forces carry out attack against ISIS positions in Abrus, Albalur and Minaz villages.
One other note is that US led coalition airstrikes have been playing a major role in destroying heavy ISIS weaponry which caused serious damages and destroyed many houses in the city. Sources in Kobane add that ISIS shelling decreased thanks to successful airstrikes.
However, it is still too early to conclude that the danger is over and ISIS is defeated. It is not secret that ISIS has made Kobane a matter of honor and will not give up easily. Therefore, despite recent major setbacks, ISIS forces in Kobane still receive reinforcements from Raqqa and surrounding cities, and some field commanders were replaced with new ones.
It is also reported that the arrival of peshmergas has brought a positive atmosphere for the Kurds and considerably lifted the spirit of YPG fighters on the frontline as well as the civilians in the city.
If you want my participation to a show, interview me or get a quote on Kobane and other Kurdish related issues, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Turkey’s swung into action with air strikes… Not against the jihadists of ISIS who are besieging the Syrian border town of Kobani, but rather against the outlawed Kurdish Workers Party.
It’s the first attack against PKK positions in Turkey since a ceasefire went into effect two years ago. This comes as Washington’s trying to persuade Turkey to allow the anti-ISIS coalition to use its Injirlik air base. Is this shaping up to be a coalition of the unwilling?
In an exclusive interview with the daily Radikal, Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) Spokesperson Polat Can says they are officially working with the International Coalition against ISIS, and their representative is in the Joint Operation Command Center.
Mr. Polat Can, you have been leading a fierce struggle against ISIS in Kobane for almost month. The world is watching Kobane. What is the situation there?
In the morning, the Kobane resistance will be on its 30th day and a new, long-winded process will start. Everyone knows that the resistance that YPG put up against ISIS is unprecedented by the forces in the region, especially in comparison to the Iraqi army. Cities ten times the size of Kobane surrendered to ISIS in a few days and those cities were not even besieged with considerable force. However, when they started attacking Kobane, they gathered their forces from around the region, from places including Minbij, Raqqah, Jarabulus, and Tal Hamis. What I mean by considerable force is tanks, cannons, heavy artillery and thugs whose numbers were in the tens of thousands. They wanted to capture Kobane within a week, but they did not succeed. Then, they wanted to say their Eid prayers in Kobane, and they could not do that either.
Since last week, they seized some streets in East Kobane, and now they want to capture the whole city, but they can’t advance. As they try to make their way, they sustain considerable losses. Especially within the last few days, both YPG attacks and the air strikes against ISIS terror led by international coalition forces have increased. They sustained major losses, many of their bodies and weapons passed into the hands of the YPG.
So, can we say that Kobane is relatively safe from danger?
No, saying this would be major heedlessness. Because ISIS still controls a large portion of Kobane. In addition, all of the villages in Kobane are occupied by ISIS. The resistance we started both within and around Kobane is ongoing. ISIS continues to receive renewed assistance. This war is a matter of life and death for us in every way. Thus, it is not yet possible to say that there is no danger.
You are saying that ISIS consists of tens of thousands of people and constantly renewed support. Your numbers are very small in comparison. Do you receive any kind of support?
Kobane has been under an embargo for the last year and a half. None of the major forces from other cantons have been able to reach Kobane. Kobane is resisting with its own efforts. Some Kurdish youth have been able to reach Kobane from the north of Kurdistan, especially through Suruç. Some arrived Kobane in small groups from the cantons of Afrin and Jazira. In addition, some of the youth from Kobane who were living abroad came to Kobane to protect their city. Some of the small groups from the Free Syrian Army (FSA) are here under the name of “The Volcano of Euphrates.” This is all of our power and support. Unfortunately, we did not receive any additional military support, neither from the South, nor from other places.
What can you tell us about the air strikes by the coalition led by the United States?
For the last few days, the air strikes have been numerous and effective. We can clearly state that, had these attacks started a couple weeks ago, ISIS would not have been able to enter Kobane at all. ISIS would have been defeated 10-15 kilometers away from the city, and the city would not have turned into a war zone.
Alright, why did effective air strikes start one week before, and not two? Or, to ask in another way; What happened over the course of the last week that the strikes intensified?
The YPG’s relationship with the coalition, then, had just started recently. I will be blunt; some regional powers, especially Turkey was a serious obstacle. They made every effort to prevent any help from reaching us and to prevent the air strikes. At first, coalition jets could get no closer than 10 kilometers to the Turkish border, because Turkey would not allow it. Of course, there were other problems as well such as logistics and distance. The coalition had not yet made a serious decision to help the YPG.
Moreover, everyone thought that Kobane would fall in a week or two and be forgotten easily, but that did not happen. Kurds all around the world and their friends have risen up, supported by calls by world-famous intellectuals, and the resultant public opinion. This situation has affected shift on some countries’ policies towards us and created pressure for more effective and intensified air strikes and assistance for the YPG.
What sort of help? There are calls to provide arms to the YPG, has any such assistance been provided?
Up until now, we really can’t speak of the provision of arms to Kobane. The YPG is trying to bring certain arms which we require to Kobane through certain means. Because we are in serious need of arms. Not only for Kobane, but also for Jazira and Afrin. It’s important that we have fighters that come and fight, but it’s equally important that there be arms for them to use. It’s very difficult to fight using light weaponry against ISIS, who possess heavy weaponry. In the current situation, under such circumstances, we are throwing ourselves heroically in a fight against a force utilizing the latest weapons technology.
You mentioned the coalition’s being late. What sort of relationship does the YPG have with the US and other countries in the coalition? Can you elaborate on this?
Long before the Kobane resistance, we had relations with many countries including the USA. When Kobane was attacked, our relationship became more substantial and our exchange of ideas was realized in practice. In a way, urgent situation on the ground expedited some things. True partnership comes to realization when the situation is difficult and parties support each other.
Can we say there is an official relation between the YPG and the coalition?
Yes, we are acting in concert with international coalition forces. We are in direct contact with them, in terms of intelligence, on a military level, and in terms of air strikes.
I guess the coordinates for the airstrikes are coming from you then?
Yes. One of our special units in Kobane gives us coordinates, and the YPG transmits these coordinates to coalition forces, and then air strikes are directly realized. I would also like to mention that we also benefitted from the assistance of certain Kurdish factions, and this assistance is ongoing.
Some media outlets reported that these airstrikes are carried out through peshmergas?
No. We have a direct relation with the coalition without any intermediaries. YPG representative is physically ready in the joint operation command center and transmits the coordinates. Indeed, no airstrikes would be possible militarily without YPG taking part in the process because the clashes are ongoing and the situation on the ground changes rapidly.
But, I would like to acknowledge efforts of some Kurdish parties and individuals in regard, and their assistance for the YPG is still onging.
For a while, news agencies from around the world have been discussing the fall of Kobane. In fact, last week, some of them announced that the city fell. However, now the American press has started to applaud the resistance by the YPG, comparing it to the famous Alamo resistance. What is your take on American and other peoples’ support for Kobane?
We have 5-6 American fighters in YPG. One of them was wounded during combat. The fact that they are fighting for us is making us proud. There are fighters from other peoples as well. We are thankful for all the people who have been appealing to their politicians on our behalf to get their attention, to help us.
Especially some European armies and their commanders are working vigorously towards providing help to the YPG. Yes, right now YPG is fighting against ISIS, but in reality this fight belongs to the whole world; the world should fight ISIS. The fighters of ISIS are from 81 different countries which will be responsible for the terror that ISIS will unleash on us. Therefore, everyone should take responsibility. If Kobane falls, a possibility we never consider, ISIS will attack many other territories motivated with the fervent of so-called conquest. Hence, the victory of Kobane resistance means a victory for Kurdistan, coalition forces, USA and for every human being with a conscience.
The global public was first introduced to the YPG during the Sinjar Massacres against Yezidi Kurds. Now, the whole world is talking about the outstanding resistance of the YPG in Kobane. Can we consider the YPG as one of the main actors in the war against ISIS?
Kurds are the strongest people fighting on earth today, be it YPG or the Peshmergas, it is the Kurds! There is of course a surprising element to this: a relatively small number of young people, equipped with light arms, stage an unprecedented resistance against heavy weaponry. I state this cut and dried; if there was any army of even 500 thousand soldiers in our place, they wouldn’t be able to resist, even for one week. We don’t possess one thousandth of the resources and arms that those who lost to ISIS in Mosul, Tikrit and Anbar had. But we have a will and we have faith, and we protect our lands. This is why the coalition forces must consider YPG as one of the main actors in this war. Many high ranking officials of the coalition forces have congratulated us and expressed their admiration for our struggle.
Finally, is there anything else you would like to say to the whole world which has been watching you with admiration?
We respectfully salute all the peoples of the world who support the YPG, Kobane and the Kurds. We promise to millions of Kurds and the friends of the Kurds who can’t sleep, whose hearts beat for us this: We will fight until the last person falls, until our last bullet, our last drop of blood, and we will win this fight. We will embellish this resistance worthy of the Kurdish people with victory and dedicate it to first to the proud Kurdish people and to all the peoples of the world. The resistance against Nazis in Stalingrd and in Alamo is what is repeating in Kobane. We invite everyone to support Kobane, the YPG and Kurdistan until the day of victory.
If you want my participation to a show, interview me or get a quote on Kobane and other Kurdish related issues, please contact me at email@example.com
Abu Ismaeel had warned that a huge disaster is on its way for Kobane unless the international coalition immediately interferes.
YPG and local FSA brigades and battalions [Tuwar al-Raqqa, Shams al-Shamal, al-Tawhid (East), Saraya Jarablus, Kurdish Front and some other smaller groups] declared a joint military operation room called Burkan al-Firat [Euphrates Volcano] on September 10, 2014
See Reuters Video showing Kurdish YPG fighters and Free Syrian Army clash with ISIS in Kobane
Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) has formed a Joint Operations Command with the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and other armed Syrian opposition groups in the Euphrates region in an effort to combat the growing threat of ISIS.
The formation of the Joint Operations Command, composed of opposition groups fighting in the region, was proclaimed at a military ceremony attended by representatives of the all parties.
An FSA commander read out a statement during the ceremony in which it was declared that the goal of the Joint Command was to save the Euphrates region – or the area around Karakozak, Sarrin, Jarablus, Minbij and Rakkah – from the ISIS threat.
Previously top YPG and FSA met on August 22, 2014 in city of Afrin north of Aleppo. Both parties have agreed to create a common front to fight against ISIS which is preparing for new offensive in north of Aleppo to seize the border crossing with Turkey.
From the Kurdish side, YPG General Commander Sipah Hamo, Head of Afrin Canton Defense Affairs Abdo Chilo and from the FSA ,Colonel Abdul Jabbar al-Aqidi and some other commanders participated this important meeting.