Tag Archives: Kurds

Trump’ın kararı Kürtler için başarı, Türkiye için hayal kırıklığı oldu

YPG_Women

Mutlu Çiviroğlu @mutludc Mayıs 11 207

ABD Başkanı Trump’ın Türkiye’ye rağmen YPG’yi doğrudan silahlandırma kararı, Türkiye’nin Obama sonrası yeni yönetimden YPG’nin dışlanması beklentisinin gerçeklerle örtüşmediğini bir kez daha ortaya koydu. Özellikle 16 Nisan’daki referandumdan sonra iç siyasette eli daha fazla güçlenen Türkiye Cumhurbaşkanı Erdoğan açısından hem uluslararası alanda hem de iç kamuoyu nezdinde büyük bir hayal kırıklığı olduğunu söylemek mümkün.

Trump’ın başkan seçilmesinden sonra oldukça dikkatli bir üslup kullanan AKP sözcüleri ve Erdoğan, 16 Mayıs’taki Washington ziyareti öncesi epey umutlanmıştı. Ortadoğu’da bütün politikalarını Rojava karşıtı bir yelpazede sürdüren Türkiye yönetimi, Rakka Operasyonu’nda YPG’yi devre dışı bırakmak için ABD yönetimi nezdinde tüm kozlarını devreye koymasına rağmen, Erdoğan’ın Salı günü yapacağı Washington ziyareti öncesi, yakın tarihte ABD – Türkiye ilişkileri bağlamında en büyük hayal kırıklıklarından birini yaşadı.

Peki, ABD yönetimi NATO üyesi olan bir müttefikini neden bu denli hayal kırıklığına uğrattı? Bu sorunun elbette birçok yanıtı var ancak en önemli yanıtı, Trump yönetiminin YPG dışında bir gücün İŞİD’i sahada yenemeyecek olmasına kanı getirmesinden başka bir şey değil. Bundan dolayı, ABD tarafından direkt olarak YPG’ye ağır silah yardımı yapılıyor.

Washington’un bu kararı pek de sürpriz sayılmaz. Hatta karar sonrası açıklama yapan çok sayıda saygın Suriye ve Ortadoğu uzmanı da YPG’nin ve geniş anlamda DSG’nin IŞİD’e karşı elde ettiği büyük başarılara dem vurarak, Trump yönetiminin bu kararını haklı ve doğru bir karar olarak değerlendirdi.

YPG’ye silah yardımı kararının verilmemesi için Türkiye son dönemlerde önemli girişimlerde bulunuyordu. Erdoğan adına ABD’ye çıkarma yapan üst düzey yöneticiler Washington’da YPG’ye silah yardımını engellemeye çalıştılar ancak başarılı olamadılar. Önümüzdeki hafta ise Sayın Erdogan Washington’u bizzat ziyaret ederek bu kararın geri alınmasını talep edecek.

Aslında bazı siyasi gözlemciler, YPG’ye silah verme kararının Trump ve Erdoğan görüşmesinden sonra duyurulmasını bekliyordu. Ancak, ABD yönetimi Erdoğan’ın Washington ziyaretine günler kala YPG’ye silah yardımını duyurarak hem uluslararası gözlemcileri şaşırttı hem de salı günkü zirvede YPG ile Türkiye arasında bir tercihe zorlanmaması yönünde Türkiye yönetimine açıktan bir cevap verdi.

Şu sıralar Washington’da gündem Erdoğan’ın Trump ile ziyaretinde neler konuşacağı tartışması. Çünkü, Erdoğan Beyaz Saray’da YPG karşıtı taleplere masaya oturmaya hazırlanırken, YPG’ye silah yardımı kararıyla ziyaretin en önemli sebeplerinden biri de ortadan kalkmış oldu. Bu karar sadece YPG’ye silah gönderme meselesi olarak değerlendirilmemeli. YPG ve DSG resmiyette IŞİD’e karşı Amerika’nın ortağı oldular. Daha önce fiili bir ortaklık vardı zaten ama artık resmi ve YPG’yi daha önemli bir aktör haline getiriyor.

Bu bağlamda, bu son karar ile Türkiye’nin YPG’yi çeşitli argümanlarla “terörist” olarak nitelemesinin hiçbir karşılığı kalmıyor. Kaldı ki, Türkiye’nin asıl hedefi silah yardımın engellemekten ziyade YPG’nin Amerika’nın resmi siyasetinde aktör olmasını engellemekti. Daha önceki fiili ortaklığın dayanağı Pentagon’du. ABD’li üst düzey askeri yetkililer ise her defasında YPG’ye ve YPJ’ye büyük hayranlık duyduklarını belirten açıklamalar yapıyordu. Pentagon’dan sonra artık şimdi Beyaz Saray da Kürtler’le ittifaka açıktan destek vermiş oldu çünkü karar imza atan kişi ABD Başkanı Donald Trump’ın kendisi.

ABD’nin dış siyaseti Dışişleri Bakanlığı, Beyaz Saray ve Pentagon üzerinden şekilleniyor. Dışişleri Bakanlığı genel olarak Kürtlere mesafeli duruyor. Başkan Trump’un kararından sonra Dışişleri Bakanlığının tutumunda da olumlu değişiklikler olabilir. Bu konuda Rojava’daki Kürt siyasetçilerine de önemli diplomatik vazifeler düşüyor. Bu yardımı iyi bir fırsat olarak değerlendirerek ilişkileri daha da geliştirebilirler.

Washington’da siyaset ve think-tank çevrelerinde ve kamuoyunda YPG’ye silah yardımı kararı konusunda genel anlamda memnuniyet var. Uzun bir süredir YPG’ye ağır silah yardımının yapılması bekleniyordu ve bu karar Rojava Kürtleri ve tüm Kürtler için de önemli bir karar. Zira, YPG, uluslararası arenada Kürtler için bir marka. Kürtler bunu iyi görmeli ve ona göre siyaset geliştirmeli.

YPG’ye yardım kararının duyurulmasının zamanlaması da oldukça dikkat çekici. Türkiye heyetinin Washington’da olduğu sırada böyle bir açıklamanın yapılması Türkiye’ye açıktan bir mesaj aynı zamanda. Amerika ve Türkiye NATO müttefikleri olmalarına rağmen Washington, Türkiye’nin YPG’ye karşı Qereçox’daki saldırısından ciddi derecede rahatsızlık duymuştu. Bu silah yardımı da Türkiye’ye bir cevap olarak görülebilir. Be nedenle, ABD yönetiminin tepkisini bu şekilde dile getirmiş olduğunu söylemek pek abartılı olmaz. Zaten Türkiye’nin Qereçox saldırısından sonra ABD’li NATO komutanı Ankara’ya gitmişti. YPG ile olan ilişkiler genel olarak CENTCOM ve Koalisyon perspektifi üzerinden şekillenirken, o saldırından sonra NATO komutanı Ankara’ya gitmişti ve Amerika’nın tepkisini direkt olarak Türkiye’ye iletmişti.

Tüm bunları birleştirdiğimizde, ABD’nin, TSK’nın YPG’ye yönelik saldırılarından ciddi derecede rahatsız olduğunu söylemek mümkün. Ayrıca, Türkiye’nin YPG’ye karşı geliştirmeye çalıştığı argümanları bu gelişmelerden sonra daha da önemsiz hale geldi. TSK’nın, YPG’ye saldırmasından sonra Amerikan askerlerinin Rojava sınırına yerleştirilmesi de zaten başlı başına bir mesaj içeriyordu.

Bu kararla birlikte Pentagon da YPG ile olan ilişkilerinde daha büyük bir özgüvenle harekete edecek, çünkü Trump’ın silah yardımı kararı aslında Pentagon’un sahadaki varlığına tam bir destek anlamına geliyor. Bu karar Kürtler açısından aynı zamanda IŞİD’ê karşı savaşta yeni bir zafer anlamı da taşıyor.

Kobane Defense Chief Hasan: We Want Turkey to Change Its Faulty Attitude Towards Us

Defense Minister of Kobane Canton Ismet Hasan (3rd on the right) with peshmerga commanders and YPG fighters

Mutlu Civiroglu https://twitter.com/mutludc

Interview conducted on November 6, 2014

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Mr. Hasan, we are informed that the clashes continue at the eastern front, shelling and mortar attacks at the western front. Can you update us about the recent situation?

As you also now, it has been 54 days that Kobane has demonstrated a historical resistance. ISIS is bombing our citizens waiting at the border in the western front and also at the Tilsahr Hill. The clashes have not stopped since the first day at the eastern front. They try to recruit forces from surrounding cities and continue attacking us. As long as Kobane is surrounded by attacks from all three fronts, it is always going to be dangerous for Kobane. Since the winter came, people at the front lines are having many difficulties.

You stated that ISIS attacks with bombs. The coalition was assuming that it destroyed most of the heavy weaponry of ISIS, is that not true? Do they continue to attack you and civilians comfortably because they still have a big amount of weaponry?

They have mortars such as the M57s, they have a tank in industrial zone and they are using it heavily. When airstrike starts, they hide those and when it stops, they take them out again and attack.

Ismet_Hasan

You mentioned about cold weather, what are the needs of people between Suruc and Kobane, and at the border, what can be done for those?

These civilians are under terrible conditions. There is no house or tent that they can stay in. They sleep outside. There are many women and children. We try to at least provide them with basic needs such as food, but it has become a huge challenge for us as the weather is getting colder. This is a very serious problem that needs urgent attention. Also, there are some civilians still in the city and they cannot go out because of continuous attacks and shelling.

Firstly, we want a safe corridor for these civilians. Secondly, today a group of young men and women wanted to come to Kobane to support us from the other side of the border. However, because of the attacks by Turkish soldiers, a young woman lost her life and a few got injured. We are going through a very though time. People who had crossed the border to Turkey are being shot when they want to come back to support their city. We want them to allow our people to cross the borders.

How do you interpret the attitude of Turkey in this regard?

Turkey has a faulty attitude towards us and we want it to change. We are not fighting against Turkey; we are fighting against the terrorist group ISIS that does not only target Kurds, but the whole world. If they attack us here today, they are going to attack Turkey tomorrow. They have organized crimes in many cities and killed many civilians. For instance, in Iraq, they killed about 400 people from a tribe. Turkey needs to reanalyze its politics and alter them. We are neighbor with Turkey and as Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) and as Kurdish Women’s Protection Units (YPJ); we are fighting against a terrorist group, ISIS. Even if Turkey does not provide any support, it should stop to interfere and attack our people so we can carry out a more efficient resistance.

The world media is watching you closely and writing very positively about you. There were protests in all over the world a few days ago. What do you want to say about this?

This is very important for us. We want to thank all those who support us. We will never forget the airstrike support of America and international coalition. Turkey is out neighbor and they should have reacted accordingly, but what can we say. The support from people of different countries in the same date has increased our morale. Today, when YPG and YPJ fight against terrorism, they do not do this only to support Kobane or Kurdish people, but for the people of the world.

We are talking about a terrorist organization that has carried attacks in many European countries including Spain and France, and we still remember September 11 attack. They have one hand in Baghdad and one in Lebanon, one other in Raqqa and nobody dared to resist against this group, but us. ISIS took control of Mosul, which has a population of 4 million, within a few hours, the same is true for Raqqa and Manbij, however, even though they surrounded Kobane, they were not able to win and therefore, they are fighting us wholeheartedly. For this reason, we need the support of international community and we send our greetings to those who already did so.

You said that ISIS attacks with all its strength; can you say that new forces arrive in the last days?

According to information provided to us, additional forces are joining them from Talabyad, Raqqa, Manbij and Jarablus. As we understand from the radio, a lot of their members are coming from Afghanistan.

Some media sources claimed that YPG retook some villages from them. However, YPG sources disputed this, what is the issue here?

No, there is not any village that we retook now. Yesterday, 9 ISIS members were killed in the conflict that emerged in Ebruşk village.  We just got Tilsahr back, but nowhere else. However, our forces go to the villages and attack ISIS. For instance, they attacked ISIS in Karamox, which is about 20 km from here, but they withdrew. It is true that we advanced a little bit in the city, but there is not any village that we saved yet.

What is the role of peshmergas, what are you going to tell about them?

It is a very positive thing. 150 people may not be a big as a support materially, but they are a big support morally.  It is an honor for us that peshmergas came from the southern Kurdistan to here for us. Kurds are being slaughtered every few years. We want Kobane to be the last one. A national army should be established and Kurds need to defend themselves.

Are peshmergas fighting only at the western front or at all fronts?

Not only at the western front, but anywhere we need them most to work with heavy weaponry. They work with 57’s, mortars, Katyushas, whichever is needed in whichever front.

I want to ask about Abdul Jabbar Akidi’s group. Are they also fighting actively and supporting YPG? It is speculated that some left the group. Is that true?

Previously, some groups named “Euphrates Volcano” from Free Syrian Army (FSA) were with us. It has been 8-10 months we have been fighting together and they lost a lot of martyrs. Lastly, a group of 50 from Akidi came to Kobane, but we did not really want them. Instead, since ISIS are in many other areas in Jarablus, Azaz and many other Syrian cities, we wanted them to collaborate with Kurds from Afrin or other areas and do something in those areas. However, they refused it saying that they do not have the power to do so, but instead wanted to come to Kobane to fight. We want an egalitarian, democratic Syria where everybody has a say and for this reason we accepted them. While they throw mortars, they are not actively fighting yet. I do not know, but 9-10 of them went back. But as I said we have our doors open to everyone, who wants to support this mission.

You see YPG and YPJ fighters and peshmergas while you go through the war fronts. How is their morale in general?

YPG, YPJ, and peshmerge forces are fighting together. This is a very crucial thing for us morally and our morale is very high because of this. We are hopeful that we will achieve significant results in a short time.

We want to thank again to the United States, Europe and the coalition for their support. As long as they support us in our struggle, our resistance will prevail. They need to know that Kurdish people are brave. We will continue resisting and they should keep in mind that their support is very crucial for us and for our resistance against ISIS.

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For my participation to a show, interview me or get a quote on Kobane and other Kurdish related issues, please contact me at mciviroglu@gmail.com

You can follow me on Twitter for latest updates from Kobani  https://twitter.com/mutludc

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Thanks for Demet Arpacik for translating this interview from Kurdish into English

In Day 50, A Synopsis of the Situation in Kobane

YPG 3

Mutlu Civiroglu https://twitter.com/mutludc

According to military, political and civilian sources in Kobane, in the day 50 of the resistance,  YPG has been gaining a momentum after successfully repelling strong ISIS attacks in eastern front which aimed at seizing the border crossing. Despite excessive man power and close combat in eastern front, YPG forces did not allow ISIS to advance.

With recent offensive in eastern front, ISIS hoped to seize the border gate to Turkey to totally suffocate the city and force YPG to surrender. Senior YPG sources report ISIS resorted to more than 20 car bombs in recent days, and all of these attacks were thwarted successfully with only some light YPG injuries.

One other reason for the recent ISIS attack on east was to prevent arrival of the Iraqi Kurdish peshmergas and heavy weaponry they brought along. As of November 3, the situation in eastern front is stable and ISIS members were further driven out from the border area. Kobane sources report that the failure of recent ISIS push caused demoralization of ISIS, and killing of 3 princes in last 48 further even worsened the situation on the ground.

On Sunday night clashes continued in East and South with some YPG advance reported. In Western front Kurdish peshermergas first time actively involved in a major assault. In this front YPG, “Euphrates Volcano” and Peshmerga forces carry out attack against ISIS positions in Abrus, Albalur and Minaz villages.

YPG Kobane

One other note is that US led coalition airstrikes have been playing a major role in destroying heavy ISIS weaponry which caused serious damages and destroyed many houses in the city. Sources in Kobane add that ISIS shelling decreased thanks to successful airstrikes.

However, it is still too early to conclude that the danger is over and ISIS is defeated. It is not secret that ISIS has made Kobane a matter of honor and will not give up easily. Therefore, despite recent major setbacks, ISIS forces in Kobane still receive reinforcements from Raqqa and surrounding cities, and some field commanders were replaced with new ones.

It is also reported that the arrival of peshmergas has brought a positive atmosphere for the Kurds and considerably lifted the spirit of YPG fighters on the frontline as well as the civilians in the city.

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If you want my participation to a show, interview me or get a quote on Kobane and other Kurdish related issues, please contact me at mciviroglu@gmail.com

You can follow me on Twitter for latest updates from Kobani  https://twitter.com/mutludc

A Young Yezidi Man Testifies in the US Congress

Zirian Shammo speaking in US Congress
Zirian Shammo speaking in the US Congress

US Congress held a hearing for all minority religions in Iraq, three main religions, Christians, Mandeans, and Yezidis In July 2010.

Zirian Shammo, a Yezidi Kurdish man who lives in Washington, DC represented to speak about his community in Iraq.

 

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How Kurdish YPG Has Successfully Fought Off the Islamic State

YPG_1
         Female YPG fighters

As the Islamic State has continued its shocking military advances throughout Syria and Iraq recently, much has been written about its seemingly unstoppable battle capabilities.

But there’s one force that has scored a number of successes against its forces: the Syrian Kurdish militia known as the People’s Protection Units, or YPG.

Fierce battles are raging between the Islamic State and the Kurds on several fronts extending from the Syrian border town of Rabia to Sinjar and, further south, from Kirkuk to Jalawla. The Sunni militants have been defeating reputable Kurdish peshmergas in some important battles, forcing them to withdraw.

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To read the rest of the article, please visit the following link at Vice:

https://news.vice.com/article/how-kurdish-militias-have-successfully-fought-off-the-islamic-state

Are Syrian Kurds Being Left Out in Geneva 2

 Are Syrian Kurds Being Left Out in Geneva 2?

Yesterday, Syrian Kurds said they would form an autonomous provincial government in Rojava, the Kurdish-language term for one of three majority-Kurdish regions in northeast Syria. The self-proclaimed government is complete with its own president and ministers. 

The move comes two months after the country’s Kurds declared self-rule. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said elections for the new municipal council would be held this spring.

The announcement comes as Kurds are left without representation at this week’s Montreux peace talks, a U.N.-backed gathering of Syrian opposition groups, government representatives and international powers.

“Kurds have been struggling for decades. Hundreds of activists were tortured by the regime,” says Mutlu Civiroglu, a Washington-based journalist and Kurdish affairs analyst focusing on Syria and Turkey. “Ignoring the Kurds has a symbolic meaning that the future of Syria will not be any different for Kurds.”

We asked Civiroglu, Wladimir van Wilgenburg, a Middle East Analyst for the Jamestown Foundation specializing in Kurdish politics and Dilshad Othman, a Syrian specialist in information security and a U.S State Department Internet Freedom fellow to weigh in on the consequences of Kurds being left out of this week’s negotiations.

Syria Deeply: What do Syrian Kurds want from the Geneva peace talks?

Wladimir van Wilgenburg: The main Kurdish parties want some kind of recognition of a Kurdish status in Syria. They want to have recognition for a form of self-rule over their own areas, such as autonomy, federalism or democratic autonomy. This is quite similar to what the Kurds in Iraq have. But the West wants the Syrian Kurds to be part of the Syrian opposition, or excluded from Geneva II. As a result, the Kurdish National Council, one of the main Kurdish power blocs, joined the Syrian Coalition due to Western pressure.

Now the PYD fears that their demands are not recognized and that it could turn out to be a second Lausanne that led to the creation of Turkey and the division of the Kurdish areas in Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey, without granting them any form of Kurdish autonomy or independence, as promised by the earlier treaty of Sevres.

Mutlu Civiroglu: Two major Kurdish umbrella groups, the People’s Council of Western Kurdistan (PCWK) and the Syrian Kurdish National Council (SKNC), recently announced they had reached agreement on several key issues, including unified Kurdish participation at the Geneva II Conference. This joint delegation wasn’t recognized at Geneva. Kurdish activists now feel that their demands are ignored, and their voices are silenced.

Kurds want to participate in Geneva II as Kurds, the biggest ethnic minority in the country and one of the groups that has been fighting the regime’s repression for decades. Hundreds of activists were tortured by the regime. Ignoring the Kurds has a symbolic meaning, which is that the future of Syria will not be any different for Kurds.

Dishad Othman: Most Kurds want the right to independent political decisions. They want to play a strong part in any decision-making process.

Kurds are trying to bring their case to any table, even Geneva II. Kurds were also targeted in military attacks. Of course they want a role in the decision-making process. They want to know how they will be represented in the “new Syria.”

SD: Why are Kurdish interests being negated at the talks?

WW: It’s not seen as an important issue, and the U.S. thinks that the Kurds should negotiate Kurdish rights with the Syrian opposition, rather than imposing unilateral decisions on the ground and declaring autonomy.

Moreover, the United States wants to exclude PYD from the negotiations since the U.S. is closely allied to Turkey, which opposes PYD, and also since it considers PYD to be close to the Syrian regime and the United States also claims that it wants to preserve the territorial integrity of Syria. In Iraq, the United States prefers Baghdad over the Kurds, and in Syria, the U.S. also prefers the Syrian state over the Kurds (in this case, the Syrian opposition, or Assad).

The Kurds feel excluded and suggest that neither the Syrian opposition nor the Syrian government recognize any form of Kurdish autonomy, although Assad is flirting with the Kurds by allowing them the rights of education and giving them back Syrian citizenship. The Kurds want to have an independent delegation to push for Kurdish rights, instead of just discussing the future of Assad and a new government.

SD: What will be the consequences if Kurdish interests are ignored at the negotiating table?

WW: I doubt that the Geneva conference will lead to any solution since the main armed groups are not involved in the discussions, such as the Kurdish YPG militia, the Islamic front that is the biggest armed opposition group on the ground, or the FSA. Off course, al-Qaida-affiliated/inspired groups such as Jabhat al-Nusra and ISIS are not invited, but they are also a significant power on the ground, and need to be dealt with somehow.

The Kurds want to have a say at the table, so if they do not have their own delegation, then Kurdish rights will most likely not be discussed, and the Kurdish “democratic autonomy” that was declared by PYD would not be recognized by the Syrian government, the Syrian opposition or the international community. Earlier, the Russians were willing to have the Supreme Kurdish Council to participate in Geneva II, but the Americans blocked it.

DO: The announcement of a autonomous administration in the northern part of Syria ahead of the Geneva talks is a direct reaction to Kurds not being invited to Geneva. They are sending a clear message that they are going to try and manage the area of northern Syria by themselves.

Kurds are waiting for a guarantee that their rights will be recognized on a political level. They are afraid of the new ideology and identity of the Syrian opposition. They are scared of the complexity of the battleground.

There is a lot to talk about at Geneva, especially in terms of the economy.  It used to be one of the strongest, but is now one of the poorest. There is a genuine fear that if the Kurds are not at the table, they will lose their rights and will be going on a path away from a united Syria.

MC: The core organizers of Geneva II rushed the conference and wanted to show the diplomatic community that international efforts were under way,  but unfortunately many groups are not represented at Geneva and by the Syrian National Coalition.

There will be one or two people at Geneva on behalf of the Syrian National Kurdish Council, but just like the Syrian National Council, they lack power on the ground among Kurds. Many colleagues I talk to said that this conference is born to be dead. This is a sad reality after three years.

Kurds are one of the largest minorities in Syria, and have a large presence in the Middle East. If there isn’t a solution to the Kurdish question, there won’t be stability in Iraq, Turkey and Syria. In Syria, Kurds have been the most organized militarily, socially, politically and economically. If you exclude the regime’s military power, the Kurds have the strongest army.

SD: If Kurds aren’t included in the decision-making process, how will they implement any agreements on the ground?

MC: I spoke to PYD’s leader and a member of SKNYC, and they both said they didn’t have a say in who represented them at Geneva, and that as a result they would not recognize the decisions made at Geneva. This is the risk that Geneva conference bears.

By excluding Kurds from Geneva, the international community is sending the message that Kurdistan is different from Syria, and that there isn’t a pluralistic Syria. This bolsters the feeling that Kurds are not a part of Syria’s future, and only further pushes them in a separate direction from Syria.

SD: How unified are the Kurdish political parties, and how does this translate on the ground?

MC: There is a consensus among Kurds that they have been highly successful in fighting extremist groups. The armed Kurdish People’s Defense Units (YPG) has been actively fighting radical groups like al-Nusra and ISIS. These efforts have largely been ignored by the international community.

It’s correct that you can’t see YPG as the military power that represents everyone, but there is an increasing consensus in the region that YPG is the defender of the Rojava region, and a general respect for their achievements in fighting extremism and keeping the region intact.

DO: Politically, Kurds are managing the area of northern Syria by themselves. Kurds don’t have a militia, except the PYD – the largest Kurdish militia, which isn’t in good shape with the Syrian opposition. There are a lot of small groups in the FSA. There are Kurds, but they don’t follow the Kurdish political routes – they get their funds from the Syrian opposition. Most Kurds are in Kobani and Afrin, controlled by PYD.

http://beta.syriadeeply.org/2014/01/syrian-kurds-left-montreux/

Es ist an der Zeit, Dass die USA Syriens Kurden Akzeptieren

Im folgenden veröffentlichen wir die freie Übersetzung der Analyse warum die USA ihre Politik gegenüber den Kurden in Syrien ändern sollten. Die Analyse wurde vom Kurdischstämmigen Journalisten Mutlu Civiroglu verfasst und erschien am 13. Januar 2014 auf der Internetseite des US- Nachrichtensenders CNN World. Mutlu Civiroglu ist ein in Washington ansässiger Journalist, Kolumnist und Analyst fokussiert auf die Kurdische Frage in der Türkei und Syrien. Seine Publikationen erscheinen unter anderem in der Radikal, Ilke Haber, CNN und VOA (Radiosender Voice of America).

Die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika haben seit dem Beginn der Revolution im März 2011 nach Verbündeten in Syrien gesucht. Doch während die Koalitionen der Exilopposition in internen Machtkämpfen geriet und durch mangelnden Einfluss in Syrien auffiel und der bewaffnete Arm der Opposition innerhalb des Landes sich mit Extremisten füllte, hat Washington einen natürlichen und potenziell wertvollen Verbündeten ignoriert: die Kurden.

https://i0.wp.com/www.diekurden.de/kurden/uploads/2014/01/145ffe3af47ab334aff5875d02d2947b.jpg

Die Kurden verwalten die stabilste und friedlichste Ecke in Syrien und waren offen bei dem Versuch mit dem Westen bessere Beziehungen aufzubauen. Trotz dieser Offenheit gibt es wenig über die Beziehungen zu sprechen. Es ist Zeit für Washington zu akzeptieren, dass wenn es ein friedliches und pluralistisches Syrien anstrebt, die Kurden der beste Verbündete sind.

Anders als die Hauptkoalitionsopposition, sind die syrisch-kurdischen Gruppierungen vereint. In der Tat haben die beiden großen kurdischen Dachorganisation, die Volksversammlung Westkurdistans (MGRK) und der syrisch – Kurdische Nationalrat (ENKS), vor kurzem eine Einigung über wichtige Fragen, einschließlich dem Beschluss einer einheitlichen Kurdischen Delegation bei der Genf II Konferenz, erzielt.

Leider scheint Washington nicht interessiert an einer kurdischen Teilnahme zu sein. Einigen ENKS- Führungskräften zufolge hat der US Botschafter von Syrien, Robert Ford, die Kurden unter Druck gesetzt Teil des Syrischen Nationalrat (SNR) werden statt darauf zu beharren mit einer kurdischen Delegation an Genf II teilzunehmen. „Wir können nicht verstehen warum Ford so eine negative Haltung gegenüber Kurdischen Parteien hat“, sagte der offizielle Sprecher der ENKS Ahmed Suleiman gegenüber dem Radiosender Voice of America.

Diese Haltung hat jedoch wenig Aussicht auf Erfolg, da der syrische Nationalrat öfters gezeigt hat, dass sie die Forderungen des Kurdischen Volkes nicht anerkennt. In der Tat ging der syrische Nationalrat soweit, dass sie in ihrer jüngsten Erklärung gar die kurdische Autonomie denunzierte. „Die Erklärung der Demokratischen Selbstverwaltung entspricht einem separatistischen Akt entfernt von einer Beziehungen zu den syrischen Menschen, die für einen freien, geeinten und unabhängigen Staat kämpfen werden, befreit von jeglicher Tyrannei und souverän auf seinem gesamten Staatsgebiete“, hieß es in der Erklärung.

Diesen Fehler die Kurdischen Forderungen nicht anzuerkennen, ist der Grund für das Misstrauen der Kurden gegenüber der Arabischen Opposition. Anstatt auf ein Militär mit hochentwickelten Waffen und einen fortschrittlichen Lufteinsatz zu setzen, haben die Kurden ihre Häuser geschützt und eine Selbstverwaltung von der Basis aus aufgebaut. Aber nur weil die Kurden nicht im Namen von anderen gegen das Assad- Regime kämpfen wollen, heißt es nicht, dass sie mit dem Regime zusammenarbeiten.

Das Bild wird durch die Tatsache, dass Washingtons Verbündeter die Türkei einen Status der Kurden ablehnt und auch nach Möglichkeiten gesucht hat, eine Teilnahme der Kurden bei Genf II zu verhindern, komplizierter. Diese divergierenden Interessen zwischen Ankara und Washington unterstreichen sicherlich, dass es Zeit für die internationale Gemeinschaft ist, eine eigene Kurdenpolitik zu entwickeln.

Die Realität ist, dass die bewaffneten Kurdischen Volksverteidigungseinheiten (YPG) für ihren Kampf gegen extremistische Gruppierungen eine Anerkennung verdienen. Die YPG behauptet fast 3.000 Kämpfer aus fundamentalistischen Gruppen wie Al- Nusra Front und dem Islamischen Staat im Irak und Syrien (ISIS), eingeschlossen mit bemerkenswerten Rolle der weiblichen Kämpferinnen, getötet zu haben.

Mittlerweile ist Syrisch – Kurdistan die sicherste und stabilste Ecke in Syrien und ist auch ein sicherer Hafen für die Flüchtlingen, die vor der Gewalt fliehen, geworden. Der Fokus der Kurden, ihre Gebiete sowohl vor der Brutalität des Regimes als auch vor extremistischen Angriffen zu schützen, statt zum Mittelpunkt des Konfliktes zu werden, hat dazu geführt, dass die Arabischen, assyrischen und tschetschenischen Nachbarn in Kurdistan relativ friedlich zusammenleben konnten.

Vor diesem Hintergrund haben die Kurden im letzten Monat eine Übergangsregierung angekündigt, um das Vakuum, dass mit Rückzug des Regimes aus Kurdistan in 2012 entstand, zu füllen. Die Verwaltung zielt darauf ab soziale, ökonomische, Bildungs- und Gesundheitsleistungen anzubieten, auch wenn die Menschen im syrisch Kurdistan unter schwierigen Bedingungen und Angriffen der Al- Qaida ausgesetzt sind. Es gibt zum Beispiel eine Knappheit an Grundnahrungsmitteln wie Brot, Milch, Babynahrungen und medizinischen Geräten. Die Knappheit von Strom und Kraftstoff wird das Leben für die Einheimischen im Winter erschweren und die Unterstützung wäre ein guter Schritt für den Westen, wenn sie die Beziehungen mit einer Bevölkerung, die wertvolle Unterstützung für ihre Ziele bietet.

Es wäre im Interesse der USA und ihrer Verbündeten die Ignoranz gegenüber den Kurden zu stoppen und stattdessen ihre Teilnahme in Genf – eine Konferenz, die Syriens größte ethnische Minderheit ignoriert, wird keine tragfähigen Lösungen erzielen – zu begrüßen.

Kurden auf der ganzen Welt haben ihre Solidarität mit dem Syrischen Kurdistan bekundet. Es ist an der Zeit, dass Washington sich ihnen anschließt.

Quelle: DieKurden.de, CNN World; 17.01.2014 – Cahîda Dêrsim

http://www.diekurden.de/news/kommentare/mutlu-civiroglu-es-ist-an-der-zeit-dass-die-usa-syriens-kurden-akzeptieren-5224387/